Wellness Policy

Policy 7751:  Wellness Policy

Teaching and Learning/Wellness


Policy Intent/Rationale:


TheSouth Kingstown School District, in compliance with the new federal andstate laws, promotes healthy schools by supporting regular physicalactivity, good nutrition, and wellness as part of the total learningenvironment.  The District supports a healthy environment where childrenlearn and participate in positive dietary and lifestyle practices. Schools contribute to the basic health status of children byfacilitating learning through the support and promotion of goodnutrition and physical activity. Food within the school environmentshould support classroom nutrition lessons. Improved health optimizesstudent and staff potential for academic performance and helps ensurethat no child is left behind.  The superintendent or designee incoordination with the building principals shall be responsible forimplementingthis policy through their school improvement and governance structure.Research proves that healthy kids are better prepared to learn inschool.


The goals of this policy are:


A. Provide a comprehensive learning environment for developing andpracticing lifelong wellness behaviors for students and staff in allschools in the district.


·The entire school environment, not just the classroom, shall be alignedwith healthy school goals to positively influence students’understanding, beliefs and habits as they relate to good nutrition andregular physical activity.

·A healthy school environment should not be sacrificed because of adependence on revenue from high-added fat, high-added sugar, and lownutrient foods to support school programs. 


B. Support and promote proper dietary habits contributing to student’s health status and academic performance.


·All foods available on school grounds and at school-sponsoredactivities before and during the instructional day should meet or exceedthe district nutrition standards.  Emphasis should be placed on foodsthat are nutrient dense per calorie.  To ensure high quality, nutritiousmeals, foods should be served with consideration toward variety,appeal, taste, safety, nutrition and packaging.

· Locally grown and produced fruits, vegetables and dairy items should be purchased and served whenever possible.


C.  Provide opportunities for students and staff to engage in physical activity.


·A quality physical education program is an essential component for allstudents to learn about and participate in physical activity.

·Physical activity should be included in a student's day from gradespre-K through 12.  Physical activity should include regularinstructional physical education, in accordance with The Rhode IslandPhysical Education Framework as well as recess, extra-curricular, andcommunity activities.


       School staff members should model physical activity behaviors.


D.  Improving academic performance for all students so that no child is left behind.


·Educators, administrators, parents, health practitioners, teachers,nurses and communities must consider the critical role student healthplays in academic stamina and performance and adapt the schoolenvironment to ensure students’ basic nourishment and activity needs aremet.

·A public awareness campaign that highlights research demonstrating thepositive relationship between good nutrition, physical activity, andcapacity of students to develop and learn should be conducted.  This isto ensure widespread understanding of the benefits to schoolenvironments where nutritious foods are provided and where students havean opportunity for physical activity


       Healthand education have a circular relationship. There is a wealth ofinformation on the relationship between health and academicachievement.  Health is crucial for educational success.
       Allstudents pre-kindergarten through grade 12 shall have health educationas part of their academic experience every year.
 


E.  Establish and maintain a district-wide Coordinated School Health andWellness Committee which is a sub-committee of the South KingstownSchool Committee.


1.  Committee membership shall consist of but not limited to:


a.      Amajority of non-school personnel such as parents, representatives fromcommunity agencies, the business community, local and statewidenon-profit health organizations and health professionals.
 
b.      A member of the school committee
c.      District Food Service Director and dietitian
d.      Schoolpersonnel including but not limitedto:                                                                                                                                
 

i. School Nurse Teachers

ii. Student Representatives

iii. Staff member representative from each school

iv. District Administration

v. Physical Education and/or Health program leader

vi. Family and Consumer Science Teachers


2   The charge of the sub-committee is to develop and monitor theimplementation of this policy and to make recommendations to the SchoolCommittee on matters related to the policy.


3. To fulfill its charge, the sub-committee may include but are not limited to:

a. Develop the District Wellness policy.

b. Recommend policy implementation strategies.

c. Serve as an advisory committee to the school committee.

d. Recommend revisions to the policy.

e. Recommendthe integration of nutrition and physical activity into the overallcurriculum e.g. language arts, write about a health topic, etc.

f. Recommendthat staff professional development includes nutrition and physicalactivity issues every year i.e.: brain gym, yoga briefs, etc.

g. Assure that students receive nutrition education and engage in vigorous physical activity.

h. Promote consistent healthful food choices at all school venues, including after school events.

i. Review annually school improvement plans and goals related to wellness and make recommendations to the School Committee.

j. Provide resources to schools that support policy implementation (e.g. guidance, newsletter articles).

k. Prepare an annual report each year for the school committee that includes, but may not be limited to, the following information:

· Monthly district menus and meal counts.

· Listingof all sales of foods throughout the district including school foodservice, vending machines, school stores, culinary and special educationprograms, in-school and in-class fundraisers, etc.

· Listing of physical activity and nutrition programs and opportunities for students throughout the school year by school. 

· Listing of staff wellness promotion activities by school.

             

 

HEALTH EDUCATION STANDARDS


Student Education:

Allstudents pre-kindergarten through grade12 shall have health educationas part of their academic experience every year based on the districthealth curriculum.  The South Kingstown School District shall have acomprehensive, standards-based, sequential health curriculum tocoordinate teaching nutrition in Kindergarten through 12th grade. Nutrition education has been shown to improve eating habits and studenthealth. The district aims to teach, encourage, improve health literacyand support healthy eating by students and staff. The school districtwill participate and foster collaboration with community, statewide andnational programs and resources that promote and reinforce nutrition andhealth including Kids First, Healthy Schools! Healthy Kids! RI HealthySchools Coalition, USDA, etc.


Parent Nutrition Education:

Theschool district will provide nutrition education to parents beginningat the elementary level and continuing to educate parents and increaseawareness of nutrition importance throughout middle and high schoollevels.  Ways in which this can be accomplished include:

· Nutritioneducation may be provided in the form of handouts, postings on thedistrict website, articles and information provided in district orschool newsletters, guest speakers, presentations that focus onnutritional value and healthy lifestyles, and through any otherappropriate means available for reaching parents.

· Thedistrict food service company will provide nutrition education onmonthly menus and on any other communication to parents and community.

· Theschool district will participate in community programs that increaseawareness to parents and interventions with current nutrition andchildhood health issues including the Department of Health, physicians,and hospitals.

· Theschool district will encourage family involvement to support, engageand promote healthy eating and physical activity habits.

· Theschool district will provide families with a list of foods that meetthe districts nutrition standards and ideas for healthy celebrations,rewards, and fundraising activities.

· The school district will provide opportunities to share healthy food practices in the school setting.


Staff Nutrition Education:

Theschool district will build awareness and promote among all school staffthe importance of nutrition, physical activity and wellness in academicsuccess and life- long wellness.  Nutrition and physical activityeducational opportunities will be provided to all school staff.  Theseeducational opportunities may include, but not be limited to, thedistribution of educational and informational materials and thearrangement of presentations and workshops that focus on nutritionalvalue and healthy lifestyles, health assessments, fitness activities,and other appropriate nutrition and physical activity-related topics.School staff responsible for nutrition education will be adequatelyprepared and regularly participate in professional developmentactivities.  School staff will be encouraged to model healthy eating andphysical activity behaviors. The purposes include:

· Encouraging all school staff to improve their own personal health and wellness.

· Improving staff morale.

· Creating positive role models.

· Building the commitment of staff to promote the health of students.

· Building the commitment of staff to help improve the school nutrition.


Theschool district will promote collaboration with other school andcommunity groups to provide consistent and reinforcing health messagesas well as providing support to staff  including PTO’s, Park and Rec.Dept., local health care providers, American Heart Association,pediatricians, dentists, etc.



NUTRITION STANDARDS


NutritionStandards Intent/Rationale:  The South Kingstown School Districtbelieves that the sale or distribution of nutrient dense foods for allschool functions and activities promotes health and wellness.  Nutrientdense foods are those foods that provide students with calories rich inthe nutrient content needed to be healthy.  In an effort to support theconsumption of nutrient dense foods in the school setting, the districthas adopted the following nutrition standards governing the sale offood, beverage, and candy on school grounds. Where school improvementteams have determined it is in the best interest of the students andstaff to exceed these guidelines, the school improvement team guidelinesshall be followed.


Thispolicy prescribes what foods are to be served before and during theschool day and makes recommendations for time after the school day. This distinction is made because while students are arriving for schooland in school there is a greater expectation of guidance and control onthe part of the school.  During after school activities (for examplepot-luck suppers, dances, and athletic events) greater freedom,independence, and parental responsibility are expected.  Also, thedistrict has a very limited ability to assure the nutritional andingredient content of foods provided after the school day.


1.  District Nutrition Standards

       Foods:

· Encourage the consumption of nutrient dense foods, i.e. WHOLE GRAINS, FRESH FRUITS, VEGETABLES, and DAIRY PRODUCTS.

· Locally grown and produced fruits, vegetables and dairy should be purchased and served whenever possible.

· Anygiven food item for sale prior to the start of the school day andthroughout the instructional day, will have no more than 30% or less ofits total calories derived from fat and will have no more that 10% ofits total calories derived from saturated fat.

· Added sugar- no more than 30% by weight and 7 grams per serving ounce.

· Ala Carte, Vending and all foods sold on campus must be chosen from theDistrict Nutrition and /or A la Carte and Vending Standards whichincludes food category details.

· Food and Consumer Science courses will follow the approved course curriculum foods.

· Portion size should be reasonable and kept to single servings.

· Whole grains will be offered as often as is possible.


Beverages: 

· Lowfat or skim milk only, plain or flavored, no more than 32 grams ofsugar per 8 ounces.  Milk will not contain artificial sweeteners.

· Plain water or carbonated water sweetened with 100% fruit juice only and no added artificial sugars

· Beveragescontaining 100% fruit juices with no added artificial sweeteners may besold on school grounds both immediately prior to and throughout theinstructional day. They are exempt from the sugar standard.

· Sports drinks with no caffeine will be available only after schools hours and no more than 700 ml.

· Portion size is 12 ounces or smaller  except water


2.  School Breakfast and Lunch Programs-USDA School Meal Programs:

· Thefull meal school breakfast and lunch programs will comply with the USDARequirements for Federal School Meals Programs.  The standards may bemore restrictive than USDA guidelines but may not be less restrictive.The School Food Service provider will be encouraged to purchase locallygrown fruits, vegetables and dairy products whenever possible.

· TheSchool Food Service Program including vending and prepackaged foodssold on campus will follow the District Nutrition Standards and the A laCarte and vending standards when determining the items offered

· The Food Service Director will work closely with the district Wellness Committee.

· TheSchool Food Service Program provider will follow the District'sNutrition Standards when determining the items in a la carte and“competitive foods” sales.


3.  Cafeteria Environment:

Acafeteria environment that provides students with a relaxed andenjoyable climate shall be provided.  The cafeteria environment is aplace where students have:


       Adequate space to eat with clean and pleasant surroundings;
       Adequatetime to eat meals from the time they are seated.  (The School NutritionAssociation recommends 20 minutes from the time students are seated.)
       Convenient access to hand washing or hand sanitizing facilities before meals.


4. Fundraising:

Allfund raising projects for sale and consumption within and prior to theinstructional day will follow the District Nutrition Standards.

· Fundraisingproducts sold that are baked at home, such as frozen pies, areacceptable as long as they are not to be consumed during the schoolday.  In the case of K-5 students parents or guardians are responsiblefor picking up the item being purchased.

· Nocandy will be sold for fundraising prior to or during the school day.Candy is defined as any processed food item that has: sugar [includingbrown sugar, corn sweetener, corn syrup, fructose, glucose (dextrose),high fructose corn syrup, honey, invert sugar, lactose, maltose,molasses, raw sugar, table sugar (sucrose), and syrup] is listed as oneof the first two ingredients AND sugar is more than 25% of the item byweight.

· Theschool district will promote and include in policy guidance healthyfundraising alternatives that promote physical activity and healthychoices.


5. Bake Sales:

Duringschool hours, home-prepared products such as cakes, cookies, cupcakes,brownies, etc. will not be allowed to be shared or sold at any schoolsin the district in order to support a healthy school environment, toavoid the potential of food borne illness, and to reduce allergicreactions to food. 


6. School sponsored events:

Forschool sponsored events such as dances, athletic events or performancesor others events outside the school day, it is recommended that theDistrict Nutrition Standards be followed and water be offered at allsuch events.


7. Celebrations:

Celebrationsare social events that do not substantively advance the school’scurriculum (as opposed to # 8 Food used in the case of curriculum basedactivities).  Neither are they incentive events (as in # 11Teacher-to-Student Incentives/ Rewards).  Birthday or holiday events areexamples of celebrations.  Due to the importance of providing asupportive environment where students practice healthy behaviors, thefollowing will apply for in school celebrations:


       No candy is permitted
       No home prepared products such as baked goods will be shared or served.
 
       Parentsshould not send in foods for celebrations. Non-food items such asstickers, bookmarks, pencils, or other small items are encouraged.
       Foodbased celebrations planned and run by the school, in all grades, mustserve food that is nutritious, tastes good and provides students anopportunity for nutrition education experiences and food allergyawareness.


8. Food used in the case of curriculum based activities:

· In the case that food is used in conjunction with the classroom curriculum, the following shall be followed –

o Ingredient lists shall be available for all served food

o Foods and the activity in which the food is used must be specifically linked to the curriculum

o Allindividuals (students and staff) who bring food into school shallreview and follow food safety procedures.  Examples of food safetyprocedures shall be available in Wellness Policy guidance on thedistrict web site.  The teacher leading the activity shall assure thedistribution and review of the procedures

o Usesof food in curriculum based activities where food augments thecurriculum (as opposed to where food is at the core of the curriculargoals, such as in Family and Consumer Science) shall be reported to theprincipal and forwarded to the Wellness Committee


9.  School Stores

· Are required to follow District Nutrition Standards and A la Carte standards and  

· Staff and students must work and coordinate with School Food Service.

· Fundraising requirements apply to School Stores.


10.  School Vending Machines and A La Carte Foods


       Anyfood or beverage for sale prior to the start of the school day andthroughout the instructional day, whether sold A La Carte or in vendingmachines anywhere in the school, will meet the District NutritionStandards for Vending and A la Carte Foods.  Refer to District NutritionStandards for Vending and A la Carte Foods.


11. Incentives, Rewards, and Recognition:

· Candy is not permitted.

· Food or beverages should not be used as a reward or punishment. 

· Opportunity for physical activities is encouraged for positive reinforcement, recognition, and/or reward.

· See Wellness Policy guidance on the district web site for suggestions for non-food incentives.

·Food may be used when found to be essential by a student’s educationalprogram team.  In such cases, every effort should be made to make theincentive as nutritionally sound as possible.

·This restriction does not apply to recognition events; however, suchevents shall utilize balanced, nutritious, and healthy foods.

·This restriction does not apply to activities where incentives areprovided as coupons or certificates where after school utilization byyounger students is under parent supervision.



PHYSICAL ACTIVITY STANDARDS


SouthKingstown School District shall provide physical education and physicalactivity for all students, aligned with the Rhode Island PhysicalEducation Framework, that provide students with the knowledge and skillsto lead a physically active lifestyle.


TheNational Association of School Boards of Education recommends the valueof physical activity as an ongoing part of a healthy lifestyle.  Thisincludes the development of knowledge and skills necessary to perform avariety of physical activities.  Regular participation in physicalactivity promotes long and short term benefits of a healthy lifestyle.


Whilephysical education and physical activity are often usedinterchangeably, they differ in important ways, both being necessary tocontribute to the development of healthy, active children.  The NationalAssociation for Sport and Physical Education (NASPE) provides thedefinitions below.

       

· Physical education,taught through a well defined curriculum by highly qualified physicaleducation teachers, offers the best opportunity to provide physicalactivity to all children and to teach them the skills and knowledgeneeded to establish and sustain an active lifestyle.  Physical educationteachers assess student knowledge, motor and social skills, and provideinstruction in a safe, supportive environment.  Based on sequence oflearning, physical education should not be compared to or confused withother physical activity experiences such as recess, intramurals, orrecreational endeavors.  A quality physical education program mustprovide learning opportunities, appropriate instruction, andmeaningful and challenging content for all children.  Appropriateinstructional practices in physical education recognize children’sdevelopment and movement abilities.


· Physical activityis bodily movement of any type and may include recreational, fitnessand sport activities such as jumping rope, playing soccer, liftingweights, as well as daily activities such as walking to the store,taking the stairs or raking leaves.  Similar health benefits to thosereceived during physical education class are possible during physicalactivity bouts when the participant is active at an intensity thatincreases heart rate and produces heavier than normal breathing.


Allstudents, Pre-k through 12, shall be enrolled and participate inPhysical Education class according to state standards and that shallmeet every semester. No exemptions for athletics or other extracurricular activities.

Thedistrict shall establish specific learning goals and objectives forP.E. by following a sequential, developmentally appropriate curriculum,which will be developed, implemented, and evaluated to help studentsdevelop the knowledge, motor skills, self-management skills, attitudesand confidence needed to adopt and maintain physical activity throughouttheir lives and be consistent with state physical education standards.

Adequatefacilities and equipment are needed to achieve the objectives of thephysical education and physical activity plans for during, before andafter school hours.


First Reading: June 13, 2006

Second Reading:  August 22, 2006

Adoption: August 22, 2006

Revised:  May 8, 2007